“Sir, you are giving a reason for it; but that will not make it right. You may have a reason why two and two should make five; but they will still make but four.” – Samuel Johnson
Reliable reasoning is the building blocks of a strong argument. Not all reasons are good and not all of them are true. Good reasoning comes from a place of relevancy and knowledge.
People who have better-grounded opinions are able to have better discussions because they can well elaborate on it and convince people.
Good reasoning signifies the cause and purpose in a manner that makes it capable of carrying the “third operation” of our mind. It comes from thinking about “from what cause” and “from what purpose” of the action.
Another way of bringing the effective reasons out is by framing them using “because”, “therefore”, “hence” and “since”.
They usually need to have a premise or a set to start from. And as described by this paper from the University of Southampton, reasoning does not always lead to new attitudes – sometimes it leads us to reaffirm the existing one or to drop the attitude completely.